Skills are required for virtually everything that is made, Mechanical Engineering is perhaps the broadest and most diverse of engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers play a central role in such industries as Automotive ( from the car chassis to its every subsystem—engine, transmission, sensors ); Aerospace (airplanes, aircraft engines, control systems for airplanes and spacecraft); Biotechnology (implants, prosthetic devices, fluidic systems for pharmaceutical industries); Computers and Electronics (disk drives, printers, cooling systems, semi-conductor tools); Micro-electro-mechanical systems, or MEMS (sensors, actuators, micro-power generation); Energy conversion (gas turbines, wind turbines, solar energy, fuel cells); Environmental control (HVAC, Air-conditioning, Refrigeration, Compressors); Automation (robots, data and image acquisition, recognition, control); Manufacturing (machining, machine tools, proto-typing, micro-fabrication).
The breadth of the mechanical engineering discipline allows students a variety of career options beyond some of the industries listed above. Regardless of the particular path they en-vision for themselves after they graduate, their education will have provided them with the creative thinking that allows them to design an exciting product or system, the analytical tools to achieve their design goals, the ability to overcome all constraints, and the team-work needed to design, market, and produce a system. These valuable skills could also launch a career in medicine, law, consulting, management, banking, finance, and so on.
For those interested in applied scientific and mathematical aspects of the discipline, graduate study in mechanical engineering can lead to a career of research and teaching.